Unzip Command In Linux With Examples

But don't worry, We will give you 10 basic Linux commands & important commands that will help you get started. On occasion, though, it is useful to launch WebStart “manually” from the command line, without the overhead of getting a web browser involved. Other Unix and Unix-like operating systems may add extra options than these, such as -s 'special files', -k 'keep-going' or -r 'raw' (examples below). Rsync is a fast and. 1, Windows 10 and their server variants. The page covers several programming topics under UNIX in a practical fashion. It is an mt variant ported from BSD to Linux by Kai Makisara ( Kai. This tutorial is available for download so you can work offline. The name grep means "general regular expression parser", but you can think of the grep command as a "search" command for Unix and Linux systems: It's used to search for text strings and regular expressions within one or more files. SUSE uses cookies to give you the best online experience. Like Vince Weaver, I'll call it perf_events so that you can search on that term later. For example, using the command line, you can tell Writer to load a document and print it immediately,. For example, entering cp alone returns a brief description of the command and its usage. Scp is generally installed by default on most linux distros as a part of openssh packages. Zip Command Examples in Unix / Linux Tutorials zip is used to compress the files to reduce file size and also used as file package utility. Linux: date command This Linux tutorial explains how to use the Linux date command with syntax and arguments. SED Command Examples in UNIX and Linux, Find and Replace using Regular Expression SED command in UNIX is stands for stream editor and it can perform lot's of function on file like, searching, find and replace, insertion or deletion. We will see that previously sent mail will be listed and displayed in detail. Linux, Solaris or IBM AIX. For every Linux distribution the command line prompt will look a little different. The command you would use to find the directory size is ' du '. For Ubuntu based system, it should be opened in Nano editor. curl is used in command lines or scripts to transfer data. Example: dmesg | tee boot. sh files step by step: 1)First of all, download the file that you are going to execute e. How to install zip and unzip command in Linux? On Redhat, Centos and Fedora based machines yum install […]. The compression method used by gzip is Lempel-Ziv (LZ77 ). If you wish to continue learning Unix, here is a list of good Unix and Linux books, ranging from beginners to advanced. The man pages are a user manual that is by default built into most Linux distributions (i. Fifth Internet Edition Available Now! Designed for the new command line user, this 555-page volume covers the same material as LinuxCommand. It has a powerful command line version that has been ported to Linux/POSIX systems. The man command can be used to see manual pages for any command, but the best way to learn something new, especially linux commands, is by going through real world examples and never stop typing commands in the terminal. Shell is basically a program that turns the 'text' that you type into commands/orders for your computer to perform. See Command Line Processing for advice on how to structure your display command or see below for example usages of the command. It's because this command option is a work in progress and at this point, it does nothing more than opening the sources. Tar Command Syntax. you can check another post related nmap 4 Examples of Network Scanning for Live Host by Kali Linux. On ubuntu/debian for example, the openssh-client package provides the scp program. Here is a quick example to show how the second way works in bash scripts that can be used to serve as a part of a web page health checker. cfg , the second autoexec02. He works as Devops Engineer with Taggle systems, an IOT automatic water metering company, Sydney. For example, a normal user (here called “example”) is not ordinarily able to restart services from the command line: [email protected] For instance, to override one of the quiet-flags in the example above, use the command below. The Octave project has no control over that process. The basic syntax of gunzip is:. First create the following demo_file that will be used in the examples below to demonstrate grep command. Use the following steps to install the mssql-tools on Red Hat Enterprise Linux. Example: man cp. Simply reboot the system. You should get a grip on the Linux grep command. These Linux distributions include Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6. Once the empty file has been opened, the appropriate XDoTool command must be added to the empty file (i. And to find the free disk space you could use ' df '. Hey everyone, this is a very simple tutorial which shows you how to execute. Installing Wget. Ken Hess is an Enable SysAdmin Community Manager and an Enable SysAdmin contributor. It has a high compression ratio in 7z format with LZMA and LZMA2 compression. To extract zip files with several members, use unzip instead of gunzip. Note that some of these commands are different on non-Solaris machines - see SunOS differences. Using AES Crypt on Linux Graphical User Interface (GUI) Option. The can show you cRUL command examples and can explain to you the best practices when using cURL commands. For example, if you are trying to unzip a file called file. When you turn on PC and open terminal, you are in the home directory of the login user. In this example, to extract all of the TXT files to the current folder without making those three folders, just append -j to the end of the command. Thanks for doing this for all of us. As suggested by the examples above, the default variable names are UNZIP_OPTS for VMS (where the symbol used to install unzip as a foreign command would otherwise be confused with the environment variable), and UNZIP for all other operating systems. pdf - Free download as PDF File (. I'd also be uncomfortable with a Heisenbug so I'm willing to work further to get it sorted out (it's hard to imagine that adding. org}} \textwidth = 17cm \textheight = 25cm. sourceforge. It is normal practice to open the Windows command prompt and execute commands. Perl Command-Line Options. Linux and Unix xargs command tutorial with examples. Some commands of mt are drive-dependent, so please read the manual carefully to know which commands are available for your drive. For a simple tag, which puts a heading into a \LaTeX{} subsection form, the tag is just ``subsection''. You can save yourself a lot of time by being able to do fast, targeted searches rather than randomly grepping through the source files by hand (especially since grep starts to take a while with a truly large code base). Of course, if you use one of our Linux VPS Hosting services, you can always contact and ask our expert Linux admins (via chat or ticket) about cURL commands and anything related to cURL. You can use this dialog box to display any message you like. Examples of cutting by character, byte position, cutting based on delimiter and how to modify the output delimiter. In Windows Explorer, you can type "cmd" in the address bar to open a prompt at the current location. Get the shell. In this article I will describe some useful tar command example. Introduction to Unix commands Following is a very brief introduction to some useful Unix commands, including examples of how to use each command. (On some systems, zcat may be installed as gzcat to preserve the original link to compress. LinuxQuestions. The first argument to tar must be one of the options Acdrtux, followed by any optional functions. When you turn on PC and open terminal, you are in the home directory of the login user. When dealing with the Linux operating system, commands are. The YoLinux portal covers topics from desktop to servers and from developers to users. As suggested by the examples above, the default variable names are UNZIP_OPTS for VMS (where the symbol used to install unzip as a foreign command would otherwise be confused with the environment variable), and UNZIP for all other operating systems. @Cyrille, ulimit -n (#files) shouldn't matter since it's unlikely tar would keep them all open at once anyway. That is hardly believable; sed is the abbreviation of "Stream EDitor", or editor over a data stream: You instruct it on what you want to be done and get out of its way until it is finished, after the. After doing so, you can use one of Linux's built-in text editors to make changes to the file. Note that the comma specifies a range (from the line before the comma to the line after). I always got this question in my mind. The Linux command line offers many tools that are helpful for software developers. The man command shows you this information about the command. When dealing with the Linux operating system, commands are. This is the file tree of the Monolinux repository. As suggested by the examples above, the default variable names are UNZIP_OPTS for VMS (where the symbol used to install unzip as a foreign command would otherwise be confused with the environment variable), and UNZIP for all other operating systems. This is our second post on compression and archiving series. sourceforge. Until recent years gzip and bzip2 are most commonly used data. A situation may arise when you want to execute a (shell) command from the C# application. The SAS log file is. We are happy to announce that we have open sourced a WSL (Windows Subsystem for Linux) sample for Linux distribution maintainers. txt linux is great os. The tar command can extract the resulting archives, too. The ln command is most often used with the -s, symbolic or "soft" link flag. It's secure because all traffic between the systems in encrypted including the initial login exchange. Example : CREATE, DROP, TRUNCATE, ALTER, SHOW, DESCRIBE Statements. iscsiadm command examples on Linux Iscsiadm is open-iscsi administration utility allowing discovery and login to iSCSI targets, as well as access and management of the open-iscsi database. Nmap ("Network Mapper") is a free and open source utility for network discovery and security auditing. 7 Examples of lsof command in Linux Last Updated on January 29, 2019 By Abhishek 2 Comments This article teaches you how to list opened files by a user or a process by using the lsof command in Linux. The most basic form of the command is: ssh remote_host; The remote_host in this example is the IP address or domain name that you are trying to connect to. It's because this command option is a work in progress and at this point, it does nothing more than opening the sources. Linux Commands. 10 Pratical Examples of Linux "nmap " Command. By default, the sort command sorts file assuming the contents are ascii. Zip Command Examples in Unix / Linux Tutorials zip is used to compress the files to reduce file size and also used as file package utility. Copy a file in Go How to copy a file in Go. sh or jboss-admin. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. 17 useful tar command with practical examples in Linux by Pradeep Kumar · Published September 11, 2016 · Updated August 3, 2017 Tar (tape archive ) is the most widely used command in Unix like operating system for creating archive of multiple files and folders into a single archive file and that archive file can be further compressed using. Its contents look like. The man pages are a user manual that is by default built into most Linux distributions (i. Most of them are used everyday by every linux user. Video: ProxySQL ClusterControl Demonstration. However, it is always great to have your hands on these nifty commands since you will have to use them all the time as a Linux Administrator. bz2 To extract TAR. com File Commands ls – directory listing ls -al – formatted listing with hidden files cd dir - change directory to dir cd – change to home pwd – show current directory mkdir dir – create a directory dir rm file – delete file rm -r dir – delete directory dir rm -f file – force remove file. Feature Request Before submitting a new feature request, please note the following: PDFTK4ALL is a Graphical User Interface (GUI) to an existing commandline utility called PDFTK. Summary: Linux lsof command examples. Linux grep FAQ: Can you share some Linux/Unix grep command examples?. invalid QUIT :Connection timed out 1259640683 0 :[email protected] [email protected] Once you have verified that your site profile connects and lists the remote directory correctly from within the GUI, you can then be assured that command line transfers will work with your site profile. I am a cheat sheet fan. The joy of history is that now you can replay any of them by using a command such as: $ !3. The SSH (Secure Shell) system is. Linux Command Line Cheat Sheet from DaveChild. Although the grep utility comes by default with most Linux systems, if you do not have it installed on your system, here is the procedure: Open your Ubuntu Terminal either through the Dash or the Ctrl+Alt+T shortcut. The gzip command uses the Lempel-Ziv (ZZ77) compression algorithm to reduce the size of files such as documents, images, and audio tracks. In an earlier article, we discussed the various ways of how to extract a sub-string from every line in a file. Popular LVM command examples for Linux systems and servers. This means that anyone with the time, skill, and desire can port these applications to Linux or any other operating system. The compression method used by gzip is Lempel-Ziv (LZ77 ). See the below examples of some typical uses of zip and unzip. For example, if you use the option -t, then strace will prefix each line of the trace with the time of day. Copy a file in Go How to copy a file in Go. The above command splits the Linux Security. This list provides some simple command line examples. Use few of below examples to send an email. OpenSSH, FreeBSD, Mesos, Docker, Linux and many more) across the industry. I hope these Linux lsof command examples have been helpful. After doing so, you can use one of Linux's built-in text editors to make changes to the file. If that does not work, press [Ctrl]-[C]. The goal of the LOOP list is to demonstrate the advantages of open-source applications. The can show you cRUL command examples and can explain to you the best practices when using cURL commands. How to unzip a zip file using the Linux and Unix bash shell terminal last updated May 26, 2017 in Categories BASH Shell , Debian / Ubuntu , FreeBSD , Linux , RedHat and Friends , Suse , UNIX I grabbed a master. Redhat Linux or Solaris. The command. Type tar -xvf yourfile. A Guide To Apache Tomcat Linux Installation and Set-Up Many Apache Tomcat users choose to run their Tomcat instances on Linux, with good reason - it's a rock solid operating system, with many different flavors to cater to the needs of a wide variety of users and situations. The tool on Linux for connecting to a remote system using SSH is called, unsurprisingly, ssh. Its very widely used command to create compressed archive files and that can be moved easily from one disk to anther disk or machine to machine, in other words we can call it as backup utility and its been used in most of the Unix flavors. In this article, we will introduce you a list of most frequently used Linux commands with their examples for easy learning. How to Use Android ADB Command Line Tool June 16, 2010 by Lorensius Londa 129 Comments Android Debug Bridge (adb) is a tool that lets you manage the state of an emulator instance or Android phone. This is our second post on compression and archiving series. txt SED command with 'd' flag used to delete the lines from the files. zip-filename} file with the extension. See Using open() for IPC in perlipc for more examples of this. Certification of Conformance to the Standard. Before using these commands, check which firewall zones might be enabled by default. Example1: Syntax for zipping a file or folder. Introduction to Python Programming in Ubuntu Linux By Veronica Henry on February 23, 2011 Python is one of a handful of modern programming languages gaining a lot of traction in the development community. To extract the ZIP files, you can use the unzip linux command, an example below. On occasion, though, it is useful to launch WebStart “manually” from the command line, without the overhead of getting a web browser involved. chmod is a command in Linux and other Unix-like operating systems that allows to change the permissions (or access mode) of a file or directory. Install grep. monolinux/ - this repository ├── bin/ - executables ├── configs/ - a few Linux. If any issues, you can install both these utilities from the shell prompt but you must be a root user to do so. Below is the command's general structure: chmod who=permissions filename. tar – you would use the method described in “tar“. 10), please skip down to the upgrading section. unzip is used for decompress an archive. Changing Directories (cd) When first logging onto a UNIX system you will normally be in your "home" directory. As such there is a set structure of commands; different OSes may use a different structure to perform the same task. Here is an example of how to extract the contents of a tar file: tar xvf file. Linux distributions provide the mail command which is used to list emails or inbox of the users. [email protected] For me it was linux-kernel-generic, linux-image-3. AWS Documentation » AWS Command Line Interface » User Guide » Installing the AWS CLI » Install the AWS CLI on Linux The AWS Documentation website is getting a new look! Try it now and let us know what you think. 7 beta via Seriall. Certification of Conformance to the Standard. In this tutorial, you'll learn some of the essential usages of the mv command. In this tutorial, you'll learn some of the essential usages of the mv command. Get better exFAT performance on Linux with this new driver. LinuxQuestions. Windows DOS vs. net) Date: Sun, 01 Aug 2010 00. invalid QUIT :Read error: 60 (Operation timed out) 1259633856 0 :[email protected] This information is of. The longer commands are broken into separate lines to try to. To schedule a task we just need to specify the time and the command for the task we need to run. A cheat sheet of the commands I use most for Linux, with popup links to man pages. This is not a problem since the permissions of symbolic links are never used. , a window in a GUI that emulates a console) that is temporarily cleared of all other content (i. Linux gunzip command. Linux distributions provide the mail command which is used to list emails or inbox of the users. txt -e trace=open,close totem. Free and open source software is licensed software to grant users the right to use, study, modify, and improve. The zip command is used for compression and file packaging under Linux/Unix operating systems. Many Linux utilities extract information from dynamically created directories and files under this directory, also known as a virtual file system. tar extension. bat located in the AS7 bin directory. Nearly every command and application in Linux will have a man (manual) file, so finding them is as simple as typing "man "command"" to bring up a longer manual entry for the specified command. The guide lists some of the useful commands. What if the lines you want to extract are not in sequence, say lines 1 to 2, and line 4?. The corresponding gunzip and bunzip2 commands can be used to uncompress said archive, or you can just use flags on the tar command to perform the uncompression. Don't use absolute path. The -B option modifies the timestamps by going back the specified number of seconds, and the -F option modifies the time by going forward the specified number of seconds. The bzip2 command is used for compressing and decompressing files. When dealing with the Linux operating system, commands are. go uses run and hello. PC & Electronics: Connecting Your PC to the Outside World (Productivity Series). As suggested by the examples above, the default variable names are UNZIP_OPTS for VMS (where the symbol used to install unzip as a foreign command would otherwise be confused with the environment variable), and UNZIP for all other operating systems. zcat is identical to gunzip -c. go arguments to the go program. The gzip command is a common way of compressing files within Linux and therefore it is worth knowing how to compress files using this tool. The !3 command at the prompt tells the shell to rerun the command on line 3 of the history list. Command: unzip UNZIP lists, tests, or extracts files from a ZIP archive, commonly found on DOS systems. The iptables utility is available on most Linux distributions to set firewall rules and policies. These are some examples of using the perf Linux profiler, which has also been called Performance Counters for Linux (PCL), Linux perf events (LPE), or perf_events. One of those advantages is the ability to port the application to other operating systems. Wed, 9 May 2018. To extract a zip file with a single member, use a command like gunzip create a new archive file-v => show the detailed output (or progress) of command-x => extract an archive file-f => specify file name of an archive-z => Use archive through gzip. For more complex, or nested, tags the syntax is a little more complex. Change directory to where the downloaded file is located and run these commands to first set the executable permissions and then run the binary to extract and run the RPM file: % chmod a+x jdk-6u -linux-x64-rpm. The Linux command line offers many tools that are helpful for software developers. In this tutorial, I am going to describe basic and advanced Kali Linux commands to manage the operating system. Using AES Crypt on Linux Graphical User Interface (GUI) Option. Source code examples showing how to parse the command line of a selection of common GNU utilities (echo, ls, mv, rm, uname) plus some generic examples demonstrating basic argtable features. The first argument to tar must be one of the options Acdrtux, followed by any optional functions. Search and find the best for your needs. Linux ps command The ps command on linux is one of the most basic commands for viewing the processes running on the system. In order to run this software, you need Linux kernel version 3. Campbell, Jr. 6: The commands module has been removed in Python 3. The ARM64 project is pleased to announce that all ARM64 profiles are now stable. mv is one of the must know commands in Linux. Use the lsof command to list all open files in use on the system, and pass the list to more to display it one screen at a time (rather than just spewing the whole thing directly to the terminal). This command is similar to the Linux cp command, but it does not match with the full functionality of cp. Joining The Linux Foundation is a great way for established companies like ours to support those communities. sourceforge. Text method. 2: System calls documents the system calls provided by the Linux kernel. The corresponding gunzip and bunzip2 commands can be used to uncompress said archive, or you can just use flags on the tar command to perform the uncompression. , Accessibility Program Office via continued engagement with its end users and. Thanks to this and other tutorials I got to where I am, using LMDE as my platform, and I am no longer looking for this sort of info as much as in the beginning. In the sense of meaning, all commands are the same for a normal user, sudo user, and Root user. The syntax and usecases of copy command are explained below with examples. For more information about how to read and execute Linux command-line prompts and commands, please check the Linux Clues' Linux Cheat Sheet, especially Linux Prompt Basics and Linux Command-Line Nomenclature. Turns out, the driver brought to Linux by MS is based on. The Work Group is comprised of The Open Group Platinum Members, all industry leaders each with a representative on The Open Group Governing Board. Email this Article Yesod (web framework). tee - Used in the middle of a pipeline, this command allows you to both redirect output to a file, and pass it to further commands in the pipeline. Hexdump is not part of traditional Unix systems or GNU commands, and does not seem to be covered by POSIX. The curl command is one of the most powerful and …. You'll need to start by logging in as root. 5 examples to extract substring in bash / ksh93 shell Sub-string is nothing but extracting a part of a string. The shell is the interface between you and Linux. 5 split Examples Split the file into multiple pieces with 1000 lines each. It displays its output on a console (i. Screen is started from the command line just like any other. If you have no experience with the Unix command shell, it will be best to work through this primer. Wed, 9 May 2018. From bdwalton at users. Yet there is one thing that makes VLC really special for Linux - the command line. Hey everyone, this is a very simple tutorial which shows you how to execute. gunzip command in Linux with examples gunzip command is used to compress or expand a file or a list of files in Linux. The archive files are assumed to be generated using software such as zip, which uses the standard zip file format. As you can see, the lsof command can be used to generate a list of open files on your Unix and Linux system with a variety of different command line options for different circumstances. A list of nslookup commands with examples to show you how to find different kinds of information using DNS queries like mail exchange server information etc. I always got this question in my mind. Read full post. In this A to Z list of Linux commands, we have tried to include as. As you can see from the below picture both pwd and ls work in the normal Windows command prompt. sh" and save it in your Desktop. The most common extension in linux that I see is the. This way, you don’t have to build a program from the source code. Linux: chown command This Linux tutorial explains how to use the Linux chown command with syntax and arguments. Enter commands separated by spaces: md r 50 d 50 l 50 u 50 r 75 d 75 l 75 u 75 r 100 d 100 l 100 u 100 mu Open a drawing app and run the following with the cursor over the canvas. tgz archive files, also called "tarballs. 5 reboot examples Syntax and Options Related Commands. ) into ASCII characters, making them suitable for transmission in the body of an e-mail message or in a newsgroup posting. mv – The mv command moves a file from one location to another. Exit superuser mode. How to Use the Exec Command with Examples Let's look at some examples of how to use the exec command and it's options. z , _z , -gz , -z ,. Basic Exec Command Usage – Replacement of Process If you call exec and supply a command without any options, it simply replaces the shell with command. Sed Command Examples 1. For example: zip -f foo This command should be run from the same directory from which the original zip command was run, since paths stored in zip archives are always relative. Apache httpd uses libtool and autoconf to create a build environment that looks like many other Open Source projects. The YoLinux portal covers topics from desktop to servers and from developers to users. Here is a list of examples sed commands with corresponding equivalent commands, where some will be covered in detail below. invalid QUIT :Read error: 60 (Operation timed out) 1259633856 0 :[email protected] A collection of Unix/Linux find command examples, including combining find with grep to search for files and directories, using regular expressions and patterns. sourceforge. Using Cscope on large projects (example: the Linux kernel) Cscope can be a particularly useful tool if you need to wade into a large code base. If, for example, you wanted all section headings to be centered, the tag to do it with would be ``section{\center''. ethtool -T eth0 This command shows whether a MAC supports hardware or software time stamping. The Linux Foundation is home to Linux, Node. This is also a good starting point for getting introduced to some UNIX programming concepts and to UNIX IPC (that's Inter-Process Communication). The Linux “tar” stands for tape archive, which is used by large number of Linux/Unix system administrators to deal with tape drives backup. This tutorial covers advanced use, tagging, vim plugins and integration with cscope. @Cyrille, ulimit -n (#files) shouldn't matter since it's unlikely tar would keep them all open at once anyway. Windows DOS vs. Install tools on RHEL 7. This manual describes GNU make, which was implemented by Richard Stallman and Roland McGrath. For more extensive information about any of these commands, use the man command as described below. Since the open() function specifies the O_EXCL flag, the call fails if the file already exists. If you continue to use this site, you agree to the use of cookies. Topics: Information Technology, Open Source, Linux/UNIX/Open Source, Linux/UNIX/Open Source Operating Systems, Operating Systems, Server Before my top ten Linux CLI list, I want to preface this countdown by stating the commands presented are being presented to give you a working knowledge of how to get around your Linux terminal from the shell. In Windows Explorer, you can type "cmd" in the address bar to open a prompt at the current location. Sometimes you need something powerful, giving you more control to process data. But don't worry, We will give you 10 basic Linux commands & important commands that will help you get started. We have all ready examined how to install telnet in Windows operating systems. Compressing and decompressing a file using zip. learn operating system. It is a command line utility which is used to list the information about the files that are opened by various processes. Using AES Crypt on Linux Graphical User Interface (GUI) Option. How to parse JSON string via command line on Linux. If the first option on the command line is -Z, the remaining options are taken to be zipinfo options. Example #1 - Zip All Files in Directory. August 26, 2015. com and etc. invalid QUIT :"Leaving" 1259633829 0 :[email protected] Run Command can be used through the Azure portal, REST API, or Azure CLI for Linux VMs. Let's run an experiment. Basic Syntax. a line of code (see 1code 5) instructing a computer to send such a signal. Many systems and network administrators also find it useful for tasks such as network inventory, managing service upgrade schedules, and monitoring host or service uptime. Of course, if you use one of our Linux VPS Hosting services, you can always contact and ask our expert Linux admins (via chat or ticket) about cURL commands and anything related to cURL. severalnines. Replacing or substituting string Sed command is mostly used to replace the text in a file. In a command line environment, you will find there is more than one solution to a given task. com File Commands ls – directory listing ls -al – formatted listing with hidden files cd dir - change directory to dir cd – change to home pwd – show current directory mkdir dir – create a directory dir rm file – delete file rm -r dir – delete directory dir rm -f file – force remove file. If a web browser makes a request to nc, the request will be sent to google but the response will not be sent to the web browser. For instance, to override one of the quiet-flags in the example above, use the command below. For example, on CentOS you can install screen with yum: [[email protected] ~]# yum install screen Complete! As you probably already have Linux screen or can use an RPM, I am not going to cover the building of screen from source. It is easy to remember lsof command if you think of it as “ls + of”, where ls stands for list, and of stands for open files. For example, if during your Autoexpect session, you type, ls, the result of that command appears in your script. To print 15th line to 20th line in /etc/passwd file use below example. One of the significant differences between this version of PKZIP and previous versions of PKZIP/PKUNZIP is the consolidation of compression and extraction (zip/unzip) functionality into a single program. Depending on the operation system, the CLI is launched using jboss-admin. To quit such a command, press [Ctrl]-[D]. nmap is a wonderful tool specially for debugging, there are lots of times when you need to know if a port is open in a server, or maybe blocked by a firewall, or just to test your iptables rules. In contrast, most commands are separate programs which the shell starts. Note that the comma specifies a range (from the line before the comma to the line after).